Originating from the Pagans, it is in the first human writings that traces of runes were found. The first symbols were engraved in rock caves and represented the various forces of nature interacting with people.Sacred symbols of the pre-runic age, the second millennium BCE were found in caves in Scandinavia. Making a leap of centuries, between the third century BCE and the third century CE is where we first see the appearance of the term Futhark (the runic alphabet).
The most common theory is the association of Runes with a derivative of the Etruscan alphabet, spoken in ancient Italy (Northern Italy today) by the tribes of the Alps and the Bohemians. There is also a strong resemblance to the Latin and Roman script.
More than an alphabet, the runes are a sacred, philosophical and spiritual language. The word “rune” means in several ancient languages : whisper, murmur, mystery, secret, sacred word, speak low. More commonly, the runes were adopted by the Vikings and were found in Norway, Sweden and Denmark and in Germany, France and Spain.
In the evolution of this art of divination, a first alphabet with 24 symbols was used by the Celts and Druids throughout the centuries. It is said that Merlin the Magician used the Runes for King Arthur and his 12 knights before their departure for the discovery of the Holy Grail. Subsequently, a second alphabet of 16 symbols was used by the Vikings. It is from this period in particular, that the study of runes attracted the attention of researchers.
The church used them occasionally as inscriptions in between other symbols on their crosses. In Iceland in the seventeenth century, people used runes were punishable by death. In the middle of the twentieth century, the Nazis had already hijacked the symbolic meaning of the swastika, representing well- being and good fortune to one of racial purism.
The symbol of the rune Sowilo, goddess of the sun, source of life, was usurped by the Nazi SS symbol. This ideological and political use of the symbolic runes was also used by cults and in satanic ceremonies. For these reasons the runes fell into oblivion.
Today, the runes are a way to connect with spirits, to do magic and to cure certain diseases. They can be randomly drawn like the tarot cards, as a method of divination. Classified as an esoteric practice linked to Druidism, the Runes provide an opportunity to "move between worlds" and enter into communication with various deities.
Fehu, Uruz, Thurisaz, Ansuz, Raidho, Kenaz, Gebo, Wunjo, Hagalaz, Naudhiz, Isa, Jera, Eihwaz, Perthro, Elhaz, Sowilo, Tiwaz, Berkano, Mehwaz, Mannaz, Laguz, Ingwaz, Dagaz, Othalaz, to which must be added Wyrd, the white rune.
The Runes are not only an 'alphabet' each is also in principle a sound and the current of a primal energy